My thanks to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Dr John Chipman, and the Singapore Ministry of Defence for what has been a very rewarding event.
This forum is one of the world's pre-eminent institutions for defence diplomacy.
It provides a chance for friends and neighbours from the Asia-Pacific region and beyond to talk openly about the challenges and opportunities we face in our region.
Responses to global threats are only effective when all states, no matter their size, have the opportunity to share their views and perspectives, for we all have a role to play.
I’ll begin by briefly touching on the global threats which impact the prosperity and security of every country here today.
Our 2016 White Paper highlighted the fast-moving international security environment which continues to test us on several fronts.
We are now faced with a number of challenges which combine multiple threats, actors and competing security interests, and which have global application.
Localised, conventional challenges are no longer the norm.
We have discussed nuclear proliferation, particularly the current threats posed by North Korea’s nuclear and missile testing, which New Zealand condemns in the strongest terms.
We have discussed the ever-growing threat of violent extremism, which reaches across the globe, including the problem of returning foreign terrorist fighters, from Iraq and Syria.
We know that terror organisations look to galvanise support and exploit porous borders, disenfranchised individuals and the access provided by the internet and social media.
This a clear and present security threat to us all, and there’s no clearer reminder of this than the horrendous attacks in London today.
May I express our deepest sympathies to our friends in the United Kingdom.
Once again, London has experienced a terror attack with the loss of innocent lives, and we send our condolences to those who have lost loved ones.
This dialogue is timely in allowing us to focus on how we show resolve in the fight against ISIS and address the threat this corrupted ideology presents.
We have also discussed how the dual processes of globalisation and the digital revolution cross borders to produce immediate connection to families, companies and countries.
But these same connections also provide instant links between attacker and victim, actor and target.
And we have seen recently how harmful cyber attacks can be, and what damage can be inflicted on civilian life and infrastructure.
New Zealand, as a connected global citizen, is not immune to these threats.
These are clearly issues of significance.
We are constantly challenging ourselves on how best to use our resources and capabilities to contribute, credibly and effectively, to countering global threats.
We are a very strong supporter of the rules-based order, and of international norms.
For example, we co-drafted the United Nations Security Council-led Resolution 2286 for the Protection of Civilians.
This Resolution was the first of its kind to focus on the prevention of attacks against medical personnel and healthcare facilities in armed conflict.
Eighty-four states joined New Zealand in co-sponsoring the text, making it one of the most widely supported Security Council Resolutions ever.
It is now being implemented in theatres of conflict, including, for example, Syria.
New Zealand’s support for an international rules-based system is not a rhetorical statement.
It is real, and it is critical for our economic well-being.
Enjoying the benefits of such a system means that New Zealand, like other countries, has an obligation to fulfil the responsibilities associated with it.
We are a maritime nation.
We have the fourth largest exclusive economic zone in the world.
Ninety-five per cent of New Zealand's goods trade is by sea, linked to markets far from our shores.
We place great importance on both freedom of navigation and maintaining open trade lanes.
New Zealand has a fundamental interest in ensuring that the legal framework and protections provided by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea are universally upheld.
And across the Asia-Pacific, we all have a collective stake in maritime security and stability.
This provides clear incentives to manage maritime and territorial disputes peacefully.
The South China Sea may be some distance from New Zealand, but, similar to other countries, over half of our trade transits this area.
We therefore have a direct interest in how tensions are managed and miscalculations avoided.
New Zealand is concerned by actions that undermine peace and erode trust.
We continue to call on the parties to manage the situation peacefully and will continue to support initiatives, including a comprehensive ASEAN-China Code of Conduct on the South China Sea to manage tensions.
We are active and focused on building regional architecture to counter security concerns.
Most recently, New Zealand initiated a proposal to hold a South-West Pacific Heads of Maritime Forces Meeting aimed at developing coordination and capability, to test whether this would be a useful piece of architecture.
Maritime domain security is important to us, given that our Defence Force must cover a search and rescue zone that stretches from north of the Equator, all the way to the South Pole, halfway to Australia, and halfway to South America.
We also work hard to make sure we contribute to the shaping of discussions around global threats, both bilaterally and multilaterally.
In the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus (ADMM+) we are working with our partner the Phillipines to shape the region’s response to cyber attacks through the inaugural Experts’ Working Group on Cyber Security.
This Working Group will draw on the comprehensive work from the ASEAN Regional Forum, and the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, amongst others.
This is a sensitive topic for all, and there will be a variety of approaches to how states individually respond to cyber threats.
However, we are confident that with the opportunity for frank discussion as provided by regional security institutions like the ADMM+, we can achieve collective outcomes.
Multilateral platforms provide small states with the ability to be part of a collective approach that contributes to regional and global solutions.
Advancing the role of small states has always been a priority for New Zealand.
For example, in the year 2000, the Pacific Islands Forum faced a security environment which had deteriorated to a point where patterns of lawlessness, political upheaval and economic uncertainty were the norm.
The Forum adopted a comprehensive collective responsibility approach, and a key result was the Biketawa Declaration.
This Declaration codifies a number of guiding principles, including equal rights for all citizens, the importance of equitable economic, social and cultural development and a commitment to good governance, including democratic processes, institutions and the rule of law.
The Pacific Islands countries collectively built the possibility of a regional response in the form of the Declaration and with the help of others, including Australia and New Zealand.
This instituted mechanisms to support the rules-based order.
With this came action, and progress.
Many of you will be aware that the withdrawal of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) occurs this month, after 14 years.
RAMSI was established in 2003 at the request of the Solomon Islands Government, under the auspices of the Biketawa Declaration.
It followed a five-year period of destabilising conflict in the Solomons, known as “The Tensions”.
RAMSI’s mandate was to restore civil order, stabilise government finances, promote longer-term economic recovery and rebuild the Solomon Islands’ machinery of government.
New Zealand is also committed to collective responses to threats outside of our immediate region.
We recognise the interdependency between global threats and the security of our “neighbourhood”.
We recognise, for example, that the threat of ISIS is a threat to our regional security, the tenets of international law and a rules-based order.
It is in response to these imperatives that we contribute to countering the threat of ISIS by both military and non-military means.
In 2015, together with our Australian partners, New Zealand formally established its Building Partner Capacity training mission in Iraq, as part of the United States-led Operation Inherent Resolve.
Our Joint Mission provides training to Iraqi Security Forces to defeat ISIS.
The over-arching Operation Inherent Resolve is a prime example of contributions from across the globe, large and small, to collective responsibility and international cooperation.
We have joined over 60 countries in the US-led coalition, including a plethora of small states from Slovenia to Qatar and Bahrain.
We are all able to contribute in a diverse range of ways.
From the Pacific Islands to Iraq, Syria and beyond, the value of collective responsibility is apparent.
A strong multilateral system provides the opportunity for small states to contribute to broader conversations.
Small states can bring a perspective and view that can help build and develop responses to some of the world’s biggest threats.
New Zealand’s approach to security is grounded in the conduct of constructive discussions paired with real action.
We will continue to work towards an environment where all states can make credible contributions, which will strengthen the resilience of the regional security architecture, and its ability to counter global threats.
I believe there are always opportunities for progress, even in discord.
The Government in which I’m proud to serve is very firm in its belief that it is critical for New Zealand’s future that we remain outward-looking and engaged with the world.
We take an optimistic view, and reject the thinking that we have reached a point where our threats have overwhelmed our opportunities.
That optimism is the story of the Asia-Pacific; the engine of world economic growth for the last 50 years.
It is the story of ASEAN; a body that has brought peace and harmony to a region previously rocked by conflict.
It is a powerful story of struggle, challenge, passion and success.
The next chapter is being written and we all have a hand on the pen.
What we write is what our children will read.
We must get it right.
Defence Minister Mark Mitchell and his Indonesian counterpart, Ryamizard Ryacudu have signed a Joint Statement on Defence Relations today, signalling stronger defence ties between the two countries.
Meeting in Jakarta today, the Ministers confirmed the value the two countries place on the bilateral defence relationship, and identified a range of areas of cooperation to further strengthen it.
Mr Mitchell says that Indonesia plays a fundamental role in supporting security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.
“That is why we value the relationship,” he says.
“We’ve had the opportunity today to discuss regional security issues and affirm our mutual commitment to bilateral defence cooperation.
“We also discussed exploring options for Indonesia and New Zealand to develop a more formal framework for both our current defence cooperation and to guide future engagement.”
Mr Mitchell travels to Singapore tomorrow to attend the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) Defence Ministers’ Meeting, and to speak at the Shangri-La Dialogue later in the week.
The Joint Statement is available at here.
Joint Statement Between the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia and the Ministry of Defence of New Zealand on Defence Relations
Indonesian Minister of Defense, Ryamizard Ryacudu, and New Zealand Minister of Defence, Mark Mitchell, met for the first time today, on 31st of May 2017 in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Both Ministers reiterated that Indonesia and New Zealand enjoy a strong bilateral relationship and defence cooperation is an important component of that. Ministers confirmed the value both sides place on the bilateral defence relationship and committed to strengthening it. Several areas of cooperation that have been identified by both Ministers to strengthen the defence relations of Indonesia and New Zealand are as follows:
a. Bilateral visits and military exchanges, military ship visits, exercises, or other activities, particularly between the Indonesian National Armed Forces and the New Zealand Defence Force;
b. Exchange of intelligence information in the field of defence, including the exchange of information, training, and study visits;
c. Provision of training and education of military personnel;
d. Regular bilateral defence talks;
e. Exchange of lessons learned and best practices concerning peacekeeping operations;
f. Conduct of logistical support in support of mutually agreed bilateral activities;
g. Activities to enhance and broaden the interaction between their respective military cultures;
h. Provision of emergency assistance; and any other defence cooperation activities; and
i. Any other defence related cooperation activities that may be mutually agreed.
Both Ministers acknowledged the port visit of frigate HMNZS Te Kaha to Jakarta, and the visit of KRI BANDA ACEH to attend the Royal New Zealand Navy 75th Anniversary and the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus Maritime and Counter Terrorism Exercise Mahi Tangaroa.
These visits reinforced the positive bilateral defence relationship, that also includes training and education linkages between Indonesia and New Zealand Armed Forces and regular defence talks between Ministries of Defence.
Ministers also affirmed both Indonesia and New Zealand have a shared interest in the security and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific. Ministers emphasised the importance of regional security architecture, such as ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus, for building regional confidence and security cooperation.
Defence Minister Mark Mitchell will travel to Indonesia and Singapore this week to attend a range of meetings on defence and security matters.
Mr Mitchell will visit Indonesia from 30-31 May. While there he will meet his Defence counterpart General (Rtd) Ryamizard Ryacudu.
The two Ministers will sign a joint statement confirming the value both countries place on the bilateral defence relationship. As well as cooperating bilaterally, New Zealand and Indonesia work closely together in regional security groupings.
Mr Mitchell will continue on to Singapore to attend the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) Defence Ministers’ Meeting, and speak at the Shangri-La Dialogue later in the week.
“The FPDA forms our oldest and closest defence agreement in the region. New Zealand is committed to these arrangements, which in a time of regional uncertainty provide leadership and stability,” Mr Mitchell says.
Along with ministers and defence principals from Australia, Singapore, Malaysia and the United Kingdom, Mr Mitchell will review the recently-completed FPDA exercise, Bersama Shield.
This exercise was held in Singapore and Malaysian waters and included the New Zealand Defence Force frigate HMNZS Te Kaha, tanker HMNZS Endeavour, a P-3K2 Orion maritime patrol aircraft, and 283 Defence Force personnel.
At the annual Shangri-La Dialogue, Mr Mitchell will have the opportunity to meet with Defence Ministers from across the region and intends to speak about global threats and regional security.
“This speech provides the opportunity to showcase a New Zealand perspective on security issues, and reflect on the role of small states, like ours, in addressing global challenges,” Mr Mitchell says.
New Zealand’s Defence Force will receive a $406 million boost in operating funding over four years and $576 million in capital as part of Budget 2017, says Defence Minister Mark Mitchell.
“It is vital that the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) has what it needs to meet the country’s security and defence interests. This major increase in funding for the armed services will support a range of NZDF capabilities as identified through the Defence White Paper of 2016,” Mr Mitchell says.
“One of our biggest priorities is ensuring the NZDF has the right people with the right training ready when needed, and this funding will support a range of personnel initiatives.
“It will also go towards a variety of new initiatives and projects in train already, including a cyber security support capability for the protection of NZDF communication networks, a new pilot training capability service, and more funding for our helicopter fleets.”
The capital funding includes:
- $100 million to improve defence camps and bases throughout the country, including facility upgrades in Auckland, Manawatu and Canterbury.
- $301.7 million for the Littoral Operations Support Ship and the Frigate Communications Upgrade.
- $36.1 million to replace the underwater intelligence, surveillance systems fitted to the Royal New Zealand Air Force’s six P-3K2 Orions.
- $28.2 million for counter-explosive hazard and counter-improvised explosive device capability.
- $110 million to invest in a modern, efficient logistics system that will enable smaller fleets of military equipment to be held and to ensure that equipment is safe.
“Our Defence Force has to be modern and able to operate in a wide range of tasks and environments, both on its own and with our partners,” Mr Mitchell says.
“The ongoing defence and security of New Zealand and the protection of our interests requires significant investment in our Defence Force, and this Budget provides that.”
Budget 2017 will provide an extra $46.9 million of operating funding over the next four years for new services to reduce burglary and youth offending, Justice Minister Amy Adams and Associate Justice Minister Mark Mitchell say.
The funding is part of the Government’s Social Investment Package of $321 million over four years in Budget 2017.
“A new initiative to boost our Government’s efforts to prevent and reduce the number of burglaries will receive $32.9 million,” Ms Adams says.
“We want to reduce the risk of hardworking New Zealanders being burgled. The initiative will target burglars under the age of 25, because this group has a high risk of committing more crime long-term, with a predicted 15,300 more burglaries and other offences over the next 30 years.
“The main focus of the initiative is on reducing the motivation to commit burglary and increasing the availability of reintegration services to better transition offenders from prison back into the community.
“The initiative will also provide support to reduce the risk of a burglary victim being repeatedly targeted by installing additional security such as window locks, security lights or bolt locks,” Ms Adams says.
Mr Mitchell says the $13.9 million over the next four years will help to further reduce youth offending by providing professional youth mentoring, cognitive behavioural therapy and functional family therapy.
“Everyone should be safe in their homes and businesses, and we’re focused on investing in what works to ensure this is the case,” Mr Mitchell says.
“Serious youth offenders are most likely to go on to live a life of crime, so addressing the problems while offenders are young means our communities will be safer now and in the long term.”
Defence Minister Mark Mitchell says New Zealanders can be proud of the achievements of the Defence Force in the fight against Isis.
The fifth rotation of Task Group Taji, the combined New Zealand-Australia training force based in Iraq’s Camp Taji, is on the way to Iraq, and Mr Mitchell says the record shows that New Zealanders can have confidence in the professionalism of Kiwi soldiers and the work they do abroad.
Since their training mission began in May 2015, the task group has trained more than 22,000 Iraqi personnel.
“This is critically important work. By training and partnering with the Iraqi forces, our soldiers have helped turn the tide against Isis,” Mr Mitchell says.
“The professional training delivered by the combined New Zealand-Australia training force has built the capability of the Iraqi Security Forces in the fight against Isis. It has created a growing pool of capable fighters who are helping the Iraqi military sustain their campaign against this terrorist group.
“The rotation about to take over in Taji will build on the successes of the New Zealanders and Australians on the mission in the past two years, and make a real contribution to ongoing local security and stability.
“We’re a highly regarded part of the Coalition to defeat ISIS, and I’m certain this latest rotation will build on that reputation.”
Associate Minister of Justice Mark Mitchell travels to Melbourne today to attend the Law, Crime and Community Safety Council (LCCSC).
The LCCSC is a joint-ministerial council which helps maintain an Australian and Trans-Tasman focus on fighting crime and promoting best practice in law, criminal justice and community safety.
“I am looking forward to meeting my Australian counterparts and discussing ways we can collaborate on issues of real importance like family violence, cyber-bullying, and cyber-crime,” Mr Mitchell says.
“This meeting provides a forum to discuss the justice issues both nations face, and allows us to share ideas and learn from the experiences of other jurisdictions that are working hard to keep their communities safe.”
The LCCSC is made up of around 17 Attorneys General and Ministers from across law and order and emergency management portfolios from New Zealand and all Australian jurisdictions. It meets twice a year.
Defence Minister Mark Mitchell will tomorrow travel to Copenhagen to attend the Defeat-ISIS Defence Ministerial Meeting.
The meeting will be on 9 May and is Mr Mitchell’s first international engagement as Defence Minister.
“The fight against ISIS, also known as Daesh, is going well and the global coalition has won significant territory back and continues to degrade Daesh's capability. However, Daesh continue to pose a significant threat to international security and we must continue to work together,” Mr Mitchell says.
“The meeting will include partners who want to end the fight with Daesh and combat violent extremism, and discussions will focus on continued progress in the fight and the next steps going forward.
“It is an excellent opportunity for me to engage with other leaders from around the world and show that New Zealand’s support to the coalition remains firm.
“I travelled to Iraq in April last year and saw first-hand the excellent work our forces were doing to train the Iraqis for their operations against Daesh.”
New Zealand contributes 106 troops to the Building Partner Capacity mission in Taji which, alongside the Australians, provides training to units of the Iraqi Security Forces.
Mr Mitchell will also undertake his first visit as Defence Minister to a defence base in Whenuapai today.
He will visit RNZAF Base Auckland where he will meet personnel and visit a number of units, as well as receive briefings on Royal New Zealand Air Force operations and capabilities.
“I spent my early years living on Whenuapai Air Force Base where my father was a Flight Lieutenant, so it is a privilege to return as the Defence Minister,” Mr Mitchell says.
Land Information Minister Mark Mitchell says a new hydrographic plan will help deliver benefits to New Zealand’s shipping and fishing industries, tourist operators, and marine scientists.
“Today Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) released its HYPLAN, which sets out areas around the country where it will carry out surveys of the sea floor over the next five to ten years,” Mr Mitchell says.
“LINZ will use the latest technology to map the sea floor and update vital information such as nautical charts.
“The plan supports professional skippers and recreational boaties by giving them access to the latest and most accurate navigation information.
“The data collected will also be made available to marine science institutions and environmental management organisations to support the work they do.”
The plan prioritises areas where the latest navigation information will be most beneficial.
“One of the biggest priority areas is from Kaikoura to Port Underwood. Last year’s earthquake had a big impact both above and below water, so it’s important we assess the local sea floor,” Mr Mitchell says.
“Fiordland, Eastern Bay of Plenty, and the East Cape are also high on the priority list due in part to the increasing flow of cruise ships in those areas.”
For these priority areas, work is planned to start later this year, and LINZ will soon go out to the market to find a survey company to carry this out.
Other priority areas include Bluff and Stewart Island, Approaches to Port Taranaki, Banks Peninsula, and the Coromandel, with LINZ set to continually review these areas so it can adjust if the needs of a region change.
To read the HYPLAN priorities for surveys, visit the LINZ website at http://www.linz.govt.nz/sea/charts/annual-work-programme