National's Big Fixes - Technology


To make New Zealand the best place it can be, we need to focus on the big, long-term challenges we face as a country. These are the critical issues we need to fix, and the significant opportunities we must seize.

That’s why the National Party recently launched the Big Fixes for a Better New Zealand Plan to develop solutions and policy fixes that address eight key challenges facing our country.

Growing our technology sector will help make New Zealand an even better place to live, work and raise a family.

You can read our full Tech Sector Issue Paper here or keep reading an executive summary below.

Economic Benefits

A vibrant tech sector will contribute to a strong and growing economy, helping us lift incomes and invest in the public goods and services that Kiwis want.

New Zealand is in the midst of a productivity slump that means Kiwis are working harder and longer while getting paid less than people in other countries. That has to change.

The tech sector is already one of our most productive, with higher wages than most other parts of the economy. That means growing it is one simple way to improve productivity and deliver higher incomes and better living standards for everyone. Selling smart Kiwi technology to the world is also a great way for us to radically grow our export earnings without also growing our carbon emissions. A bigger technology sector means more exciting and fulfilling career choices for young Kiwis, who too often feel they need to head overseas to find these opportunities.

Technology is an enabler for the rest of the economy. From cutting edge AgTech helping farmers increase production while reducing environmental impacts, to robotics making manufacturing more productive, to FinTech helping our small businesses find efficiencies and cut costs, technology has the potential to make every part of our economy work smarter.

Other Benefits

Of course technology is about more than just economic benefits. It can also deliver huge benefits to our everyday lives; whether it’s ultrafast internet enabling us to communicate instantly with friends and family overseas, personalised health services that let us manage our own health care, or streaming services that provide us with hours of education, information and entertainment.

Technology will also be essential for reducing our greenhouse gas emissions and meeting our international obligations around climate change.

Snapshot of New Zealand's Tech Sector

  • New Zealand's Tech Sector has 23,229 companies.
  • New Zealand's Tech Sector has 111,760 employees.
  • New Zealand's top 200 tech exporters earn $12.7b in global revenue.
  • New Zealand's Tech Sector contributes 8% to GDP.
  • Each 4% growth in Tech Sector productivity creates $2.7b additional GDP.
  • Each new Tech Sector job creates 5 new jobs in other sectors.
  • New Zealand's Tech Sector median base salary is $95,000 per annum
  • New Zealand's Tech Sector exports $8.6b globally.

What needs fixing?

1. Startup ecosystem

New Zealand’s startup ecosystem is underdeveloped, and we lack the type of vibrant startup culture seen in places like Silicon Valley, Tel Aviv or Stockholm.

2. Lack of depth

We have a few ‘unicorns’ valued at $1b+ – like Xero, LanzaTech or Rocket Lab – but we lack a deep bench of mid-tier, high-growth firms set to become truly global players.

3. Capital

Access to capital remains a major constraint for young firms, and New Zealand lacks the deep networks of expert investors who know what it takes for startups to achieve scale.

4. Skills

We have a shortage of people with tech skills, and do not place enough emphasis on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in our education system.

5. Collaboration

Insufficient collaboration between the private sector, academic institutions, and Crown Research Institutes harms both innovation and our ability to commercialise good ideas.

6. Regulation

New Zealand’s regulatory environment is not always conducive to growth, and policy is too often slow in responding to cutting edge technologies and new business models.

7. Infrastructure

We led the world with initiatives like Ultra-Fast Broadband, but our investment in tech infrastructure has slowed and we are falling dangerously behind in areas like cyber security.

8. Connectivity

Too many Kiwis still struggle to access digital services. Whether old, young, rural or urban, all New Zealanders should have access to our digital future.

Key areas of inquiry

Based on the issues identified above, we have developed some major themes, or key areas of inquiry. These will act as the research questions that National will look to answer over the coming months as part of our Big Fixes Plan.

It’s likely that in discussion with members of the public, academics, business leaders, and industry experts, we will identify more constraints or additional questions to consider, so this list should be thought of as a starting point only.

1 - How do we increase innovation and entrepreneurship in our economy?

To grow our technology sector, New Zealand needs to boost the level of innovation in our economy. New Zealand is already a relatively easy place to start a business, so we need to become better as a society at encouraging entrepreneurship and supporting early stage startups.

At the same time, we need to lift the level of investment in research and development, as well as basic science, so we are generating the ideas and innovations that will fuel our technology sector.

We also need to learn from countries and cities around the world that have become experts at taking good ideas and scientific discoveries, and turning them into businesses.

We want your ideas on how New Zealand can:

  • Develop our startup ecosystem and startup culture
  • Increase investment in R&D and basic science
  • Improve our ability to commercialise good ideas
  • Increase business, government and academic collaboration

Let us know your ideas by taking our quick survey here.

2 - How do we develop the world's most tech-friendly rules and regulations?

Like in any other sector, technology firms can only thrive when the rules and regulations in place to govern them are fit-for-purpose. Unlike most other parts of the economy, though, the pace of change in tech can at times be blistering. In tech, “move fast and break things” is often the default setting.

Government, on the other hand, tends to be slow and deliberative. This is by design, and over the past four years we’ve seen all too often the problems that arise from rushed law-making.

This tendency, however, can result in regulations that stifle growth, and policy that is unresponsive to the new reality on the ground. If we want to turbocharge growth in our technology sector, we need to find new ways of delivering tech-friendly rules and regulations, while minimising the risks that come from moving fast.

We want your ideas on how New Zealand can:

  • Reduce regulatory red tape without compromising safety or fairness
  • Increase Government responsiveness to changing technologies and business models
  • Develop tech-friendly regulation at speed

Let us know your ideas by taking our quick survey here.

3 - How do we ensure we have the skills and talent needed for growth?

As much as the tech sector is defined by its innovative software, smart business models, or patented technology, it’s also an industry that is overwhelmingly reliant on skilled people. From the early employees helping get a startup team up and running, to the experienced managers leading a digital transformation, success in the tech sector is dependent on talent.

There are fundamentally only two ways for New Zealand to ensure we have the skills our tech firms need to grow – we develop home grown talent through education and training, or we attract talent from overseas through smart immigration policies. In reality, New Zealand needs to do both.

We want your ideas on how New Zealand can:

  • Ensure our education system delivers the skills we need to grow tech
  • Provide opportunities for Kiwis to re-trainand upskill for new sectors
  • Give more young Kiwis a stronger foundation in crucial STEM subjects
  • Fix our immigration system so we attract the best and brightest from overseas

Let us know your ideas by taking our quick survey here.

4 - How do we secure access to funding and investment expertise?


Successfully making the journey from dining table startup to globally competitive ‘unicorn’ requires inventiveness, hard work, talented people and a bit of luck. But more often than not, it also requires a whole lot of cash.

Gaining access to capital is often the number one constraint preventing startups from achieving lift-off, and preventing mid-tier firms from truly maximising their potential. And although capital in this day and age has become more global than ever, New Zealand’s small size, thin domestic capital markets, and distance from major financial centres remains an issue.

But more than just money, entrepreneurs in New Zealand can also benefit immensely from the specialist expertise and capability that experienced investors can bring to the table.

We want your ideas on how New Zealand can:

  • Improve access to capital from both New Zealand and overseas
  • Deepen New Zealand’s connections with expert investor networks globally
  • Ensure our tax settings are conducive to investment and growth

Let us know your ideas by taking our quick survey here.

5 - How do we deliver tech infrastructure that attracts investment and enables growth?

While digital technology has made it easier than ever to build global firms from anywhere in the world, it has also made the need for reliable technology infrastructure more pressing than ever.

New Zealand’s tech infrastructure is, by global standards, reasonably good. For example, most parts of the country have access to fast, reliable internet services thanks to the last National Government’s investments in Ultra-Fast Broadband and the Rural Broadband Initiative (RBI).

But tech moves at a breakneck pace, so New Zealand needs to make sure our tech infrastructure keeps up. There are still parts of the country that don’t enjoy the same levels of connectivity as others, resulting in an urban-rural digital divide. Meanwhile, our cyber defences have been badly exposed over recent months through a series of sophisticated, coordinated cyber attacks.

Unless we can demonstrate that New Zealand’s tech infrastructure is robust and reliable, global entrepreneurs and investors will look elsewhere, while our domestic firms will struggle to gain the competitive edge they need to succeed.

We want your ideas on how New Zealand can:

  • Deliver world-class, high-performance technology infrastructure
  • End the urban-rural digital divide
  • Improve our cyber defences so New Zealand is a safe place to build a tech business

Let us know your ideas by taking our quick survey here.

6 - How do we increase the uptake of new technologies?

Those parts of the world with thriving technology sectors tend to also be places where the uptake and adoption of new technology is the fastest and most widespread. If tech firms can be confident that their products and services will be readily adopted, they will have more confidence to take risks and make investments.

Lowering the barriers for private sector firms in other parts of our economy to adopt new technology has a direct benefit for tech firms, but will also help to drive productivity improvements. So too will having a Government that is committed to using cutting edge technology itself, be it in the way we use governmentheld data to drive improvement, the way government departments engage with the public, or in the way public services are delivered.

We want your ideas on how New Zealand can:

  • Encourage the uptake and adoption of new technology throughout the economy
  • Support businesses and other organisations to embrace digitisation
  • Increase the Government’s own uptake and adoption of new technology

Let us know your ideas by taking our quick survey here.